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Filtration extraction method using microfluidic channel for measuring environmental DNA
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  • Takashi Fukuzawa,
  • Yuichi Kameda,
  • Hisao Nagata,
  • Naofumi Nishizawa,
  • Hideyuki Doi
Takashi Fukuzawa
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Yuichi Kameda
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Hisao Nagata
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Naofumi Nishizawa
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Hideyuki Doi
University of Hyogo
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Abstract

The environmental DNA (eDNA) method, which is widely applied for biomonitoring, is limited to laboratory analysis and processing. In this study, we developed a filtration/extraction component using a microfluidic channel, Biryu-Chip (BC), and a filtration/extraction method, BC method, to minimize the volume of the sample necessary for DNA extraction and subsequent PCR amplification. We tested the performance of the BC method and compared it with the Sterivex filtration/extraction method using aquarium and river water samples. We observed that using the BC method, the same concentration of the extracted DNA was obtained with 1/20–1/40 of the filtration volume of the Sterivex method, suggesting that the BC method can be widely used for eDNA measurement. In addition, we could perform on-site measurements of eDNA within 30 min using a mobile PCR device. Using the BC method, filtration and extraction could be performed easily and quickly. The PCR results obtained by the BC method were similar to those obtained by the Sterivex method. The BC method required fewer steps and therefore, the risk of DNA contamination could be reduced. When combined with a mobile PCR, the BC method can be applied to easily detect eDNA within 30 min from a few 10 mL of the water sample, even on-site.